Most simply, conjunctions connect things. They allow us to make longer more complex sentences.
There are four types of conjunctions:
- A coordinating conjunction
- connects a word, a phrase or a clause of equal weight. (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet)
- A subordinating conjunction
- connects only clauses and in doing so creates a subordinate clause.
- A correlative conjunction
- operates in pairs to connect sentence elements. (Either/Or, Neither/Nor, Not Only/But Also)
- A conjunctive adverb
- creates a relationship between ideas in the sentence.
- not a true conjunction.