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The Semicolon

    1) When each item in a series includes commas, a semicolon is used to separate the items.
  1. The pilots were delighted that the owners approved the new contract, the one with the pay increase; accepted changes to the benefits package, changes that included vision care; and allowed pilots to fly small commuter jets.

2) The semicolon may be used to separate closely related independent clauses that are not connected by conjunctions.

  1. The sun shone all day; it was a welcome sight.
    3) Hence, however, indeed, moreover, still, therefore, thus are conjunctive adverbs. They belong to the second sentence and are not coordinating conjunctions. When used after a semicolon they are followed by commas.
  1. Steve found it difficult to take advice; however, Bill found it easy to give.